Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Mongolia

by Alice

Mongolia, often referred to as the “Land of the Eternal Blue Sky,” is a country of vast landscapes, rich history, and nomadic culture. From the rugged mountains of the Altai Range to the sweeping plains of the Gobi Desert, Mongolia offers a plethora of attractions for travelers seeking adventure, culture, and natural beauty. Here are the top 10 tourist attractions in Mongolia that should be on every visitor’s itinerary.

1. Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert, one of the world’s largest deserts, is a mesmerizing landscape of endless sand dunes, rocky outcrops, and dramatic cliffs. It spans across southern Mongolia and is home to unique wildlife, including the elusive snow leopard and the double-humped Bactrian camel. Visitors can explore the Flaming Cliffs, renowned for dinosaur fossils, or spend a night under the star-studded sky in a traditional ger camp. The Gobi Desert offers a true desert experience and is a must-visit for adventure enthusiasts.


2. Khövsgöl Lake

Located in the remote north of Mongolia, Khövsgöl Lake is often referred to as the “Blue Pearl of Mongolia.” This stunning alpine lake stretches over 100 miles long and is surrounded by lush forests and majestic mountains. Visitors can enjoy a range of activities, including horse trekking, fishing, and hiking along the lake’s pristine shores. During the winter months, the lake freezes over, offering the opportunity for ice skating and ice fishing. Khövsgöl Lake is a tranquil escape from the hustle and bustle of city life and a paradise for nature lovers.


3. Terelj National Park

Terelj National Park, located just a short drive from the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, is a popular destination for both locals and tourists alike. This picturesque park is characterized by its granite rock formations, towering cliffs, and meandering rivers. Visitors can explore the park on horseback or hike to the Aryabal Meditation Temple, perched atop a hill overlooking the valley. For those seeking adventure, activities such as rock climbing, river rafting, and camping are also available. Terelj National Park offers a serene retreat amidst stunning natural beauty.


4. Erdene Zuu Monastery

Erdene Zuu Monastery, located in the ancient city of Kharkhorin, is one of the oldest and most important monasteries in Mongolia. Founded in 1586, the monastery served as the religious center of Mongolia for centuries until it was largely destroyed during the communist era. Today, visitors can explore the monastery’s restored temples, stupas, and walls adorned with intricate Buddhist artwork. Erdene Zuu Monastery offers a glimpse into Mongolia’s rich religious heritage and is a must-visit for history enthusiasts.

5. Orkhon Valley

The Orkhon Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a breathtaking landscape of rolling hills, lush grasslands, and winding rivers. Located in central Mongolia, the valley is dotted with ancient archaeological sites, including the ruins of the 8th-century capital of the Mongol Empire, Kharkhorum. Visitors can explore the valley on horseback or visit the nearby Orkhon Waterfall, cascading over volcanic rocks amidst stunning scenery. The Orkhon Valley is a treasure trove of history and natural beauty, offering endless opportunities for exploration.

See Also: Exploring Fajillaka Island: 10 Picturesque Tourist Attractions

6. Bayanzag (Flaming Cliffs)

Bayanzag, also known as the Flaming Cliffs, is a remote desert region in the heart of the Gobi Desert. Renowned for its vibrant red sandstone cliffs, Bayanzag is a paradise for paleontologists and fossil enthusiasts. The area is home to numerous dinosaur fossils, including the first discovery of dinosaur eggs in the 1920s by Roy Chapman Andrews. Visitors can explore the Flaming Cliffs on foot or take a guided tour to learn about the area’s rich paleontological history. Bayanzag is a fascinating destination that offers a glimpse into Mongolia’s prehistoric past.

7. Amarbayasgalant Monastery

Amarbayasgalant Monastery, located in the northern province of Selenge, is one of Mongolia’s most beautiful and well-preserved monasteries. Built in the 18th century, the monastery is dedicated to the Buddhist saint Zanabazar and is renowned for its stunning architecture and intricate artwork. Visitors can explore the monastery’s temples, stupas, and courtyards, which are adorned with colorful murals and statues. Amarbayasgalant Monastery offers a peaceful retreat amidst picturesque surroundings and is a testament to Mongolia’s rich cultural heritage.

8. Khustain Nuruu National Park

Khustain Nuruu National Park, located just a few hours’ drive from Ulaanbaatar, is home to the reintroduced population of wild Przewalski’s horses, also known as takhi, the last truly wild horse species in the world. Visitors to the park can observe these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat and learn about conservation efforts to protect them. The park also offers opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and camping amidst stunning mountain scenery. Khustain Nuruu National Park is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

9. Kharkhorum

Kharkhorum, located in central Mongolia, was once the capital of the Mongol Empire during the 13th century. Today, it is home to a wealth of historical and cultural attractions, including the ruins of the ancient city and the Erdene Zuu Monastery. Visitors can explore the remains of the city’s walls, temples, and palaces, which offer insight into Mongolia’s imperial past. Kharkhorum is also a gateway to the nearby Orkhon Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its stunning landscapes and archaeological sites.

10. Tsenkher Hot Springs

Tsenkher Hot Springs, located in the Arkhangai Province, are natural hot springs renowned for their therapeutic properties. Surrounded by pristine wilderness and lush forests, the hot springs offer a tranquil retreat for visitors seeking relaxation and rejuvenation. Visitors can soak in the mineral-rich waters while enjoying panoramic views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. Tsenkher Hot Springs are also a popular stop for travelers exploring the nearby Terelj National Park and Khövsgöl Lake. Whether you’re seeking adventure or relaxation, Tsenkher Hot Springs offer a unique experience in the heart of Mongolia’s natural beauty.

In Conclusion

Mongolia is a land of vast contrasts and unparalleled beauty, offering a wealth of attractions for travelers to explore. From the rugged landscapes of the Gobi Desert to the tranquil shores of Khövsgöl Lake, Mongolia is a destination like no other. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, or outdoor adventure, the top 10 tourist attractions in Mongolia have something to offer for everyone. So pack your bags and embark on an unforgettable journey to discover the wonders of Mongolia.



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