Top 10 attractions to visit in Ulaanbaatar

by Alice

Ulaanbaatar, the vibrant capital city of Mongolia, is a fascinating blend of modernity and tradition, offering visitors a rich tapestry of cultural experiences, historical landmarks, and natural wonders. As the largest city in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar serves as the country’s economic, cultural, and political hub, attracting travelers from all over the world. From ancient monasteries to bustling markets and scenic parks, there is no shortage of attractions to explore in this dynamic metropolis. Here are the top 10 must-visit destinations in Ulaanbaatar:

1. Gandantegchinlen Monastery

Gandantegchinlen Monastery, commonly known as Gandan Monastery, is one of the most significant religious sites in Ulaanbaatar. Located in the heart of the city, this Tibetan-style monastery is an oasis of tranquility amid the bustling urban landscape. Built in the 19th century, Gandan Monastery survived the religious purges of the 1930s and stands today as a testament to Mongolia’s enduring Buddhist heritage. Visitors to Ulaanbaatar should not miss the opportunity to explore the monastery’s ornate temples, intricate artwork, and towering statues, including the impressive 26.5-meter-high gilded statue of Migjid Janraisig, a revered Bodhisattva.


2. Sukhbaatar Square

Sukhbaatar Square, named after the revolutionary hero Damdin Sukhbaatar, is the central square of Ulaanbaatar and a focal point for national celebrations and gatherings. Bordered by important government buildings, including the Parliament House and the Government Palace, Sukhbaatar Square is a symbol of Mongolia’s independence and sovereignty. Visitors can admire the grand statue of Genghis Khan on horseback, which dominates the square, and take in the surrounding architectural landmarks. The square is particularly impressive during major events and festivals, such as Naadam, Mongolia’s traditional games.


3. National Museum of Mongolia

For a deeper understanding of Mongolia’s rich history and culture, a visit to the National Museum of Mongolia is essential. Located in the heart of Ulaanbaatar, this comprehensive museum showcases artifacts and exhibits spanning thousands of years, from the prehistoric era to the present day. Visitors can explore galleries dedicated to Mongolian archaeology, nomadic culture, traditional costumes, and religious artifacts, gaining insight into the country’s nomadic heritage and its transition to a modern nation. Highlights include rare dinosaur fossils, ancient artifacts from the Mongol Empire, and intricately crafted religious objects.


4. Bogd Khan Palace Museum

Bogd Khan Palace Museum offers a glimpse into the lavish lifestyle of Mongolia’s last monarch, Bogd Khan, who ruled as a spiritual and political leader in the early 20th century. Located at the foot of the Bogd Khan Mountain on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, this historic complex comprises several ornate palaces, temples, and administrative buildings surrounded by scenic gardens. Visitors can explore the opulent interiors, which are adorned with exquisite artwork, furniture, and religious artifacts, reflecting the influence of Tibetan, Chinese, and Russian cultures. The museum also houses a fascinating collection of gifts and treasures received by Bogd Khan from foreign dignitaries.

5. Choijin Lama Temple Museum

Choijin Lama Temple Museum is a hidden gem nestled in the heart of Ulaanbaatar, offering a glimpse into Mongolia’s spiritual heritage and architectural splendor. Built in the early 20th century, this beautifully preserved temple complex served as the residence of Luvsan Haidav Choijin Lama, a high-ranking Buddhist leader. Today, the museum showcases a rare collection of religious artifacts, thangkas, sculptures, and manuscripts, providing insight into the rituals and traditions of Tibetan Buddhism. Visitors can admire the intricate woodcarvings, colorful murals, and sacred relics that adorn the temple halls, making it a must-visit destination for cultural enthusiasts.

6. Zaisan Memorial

Zaisan Memorial is a poignant reminder of Mongolia’s close ties with the Soviet Union and a tribute to the soldiers who fought and died during World War II. Perched atop a hill overlooking Ulaanbaatar, this imposing monument offers panoramic views of the cityscape and surrounding countryside. The centerpiece of the memorial is a striking Soviet-style monument depicting scenes of friendship, solidarity, and victory, commemorating the sacrifices of Mongolian and Soviet soldiers. Visitors can climb the steps to the top of the monument for breathtaking views and pay their respects at the eternal flame dedicated to the fallen heroes.

See Also: 10 Places Worth Visiting for Couples in the Maldives

7. Naran Tuul Market (Black Market)

Naran Tuul Market, commonly known as the Black Market, is a bustling bazaar where visitors can experience the vibrant atmosphere of Ulaanbaatar’s trading culture. Located on the outskirts of the city, this sprawling market offers a treasure trove of goods,ranging from traditional handicrafts and souvenirs to clothing, electronics, and household items. Bargaining is a common practice at the Black Market, allowing visitors to haggle for the best deals and immerse themselves in the excitement of Mongolian commerce. The market is also a great place to sample local street food and interact with friendly vendors, making it a must-visit destination for shopping enthusiasts.

8. Bogd Khan Uul National Park

Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and immerse yourself in the pristine wilderness of Bogd Khan Uul National Park, located just a short drive from Ulaanbaatar. This protected area encompasses rugged mountains, lush forests, meandering rivers, and abundant wildlife, offering ample opportunities for outdoor recreation and exploration. Visitors can hike scenic trails, spot rare bird species, and marvel at the diverse flora and fauna that thrive in this natural sanctuary. The park is also home to historical sites, including ancient rock carvings, Buddhist monasteries, and the winter palace of Bogd Khan, making it a fascinating destination for nature lovers and history buffs alike.

9. Gorkhi-Terelj National Park

Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is a picturesque paradise located just a short drive from Ulaanbaatar, offering visitors a glimpse of Mongolia’s breathtaking landscapes and nomadic culture. This vast wilderness area is renowned for its dramatic rock formations, rolling grasslands, and crystal-clear rivers, providing endless opportunities for outdoor adventures. Visitors can explore the park on horseback, hike to scenic viewpoints, or engage in activities such as rock climbing, rafting, and camping. Gorkhi-Terelj is also home to iconic landmarks such as Turtle Rock and Aryabal Meditation Temple, making it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

10. The Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum of Mongolia

The Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum of Mongolia is a cultural gem located in the heart of Ulaanbaatar, showcasing the works of Mongolia’s most renowned artists and artisans. Named after Zanabazar, a revered 17th-century Buddhist leader and master sculptor, this museum houses a diverse collection of paintings, sculptures, textiles, and decorative arts spanning various periods and styles. Visitors can admire masterpieces by contemporary artists as well as historical artifacts dating back to the Mongol Empire, gaining insight into Mongolia’s artistic heritage and creative expression. The museum also hosts temporary exhibitions, educational programs, and workshops to engage visitors and promote appreciation for Mongolian art and culture.

In Conclusion

Ulaanbaatar offers a wealth of attractions that cater to diverse interests, from history and culture to nature and adventure. Whether you’re exploring ancient monasteries, admiring panoramic city views, or immersing yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of local markets, there’s something for everyone to enjoy in Mongolia’s capital city. With its rich heritage, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality, Ulaanbaatar invites visitors to embark on a memorable journey of discovery and exploration. So pack your bags, plan your itinerary, and get ready to experience the wonders of Ulaanbaatar, where the past meets the present in a truly unique and unforgettable way.



Funplacetotravel is a travel portal. The main columns include North America, Europe, Asia, Central America, South America, Africa, etc.

【Contact us: [email protected]

Copyright © 2023