Top 10 things to do in Egypt

by Alice

Egypt, a land of ancient wonders and vibrant culture, beckons travelers from around the world to explore its rich history, stunning landscapes, and unique experiences. From the majestic pyramids to the bustling bazaars, there is something for everyone in this enchanting country. This article highlights the top 10 things to do in Egypt, ensuring an unforgettable journey through time and tradition.

1. Marvel at the Pyramids of Giza

No visit to Egypt is complete without witnessing the awe-inspiring Pyramids of Giza. These iconic structures, built over 4,500 years ago, stand as a testament to ancient Egypt’s architectural genius and enduring legacy. The Great Pyramid of Khufu, the largest of the three, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and continues to captivate visitors with its grandeur and mystery. While at Giza, don’t miss the enigmatic Sphinx, a colossal limestone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, believed to represent King Khafre. A guided tour provides invaluable insights into the history and construction techniques of these monumental edifices.


2. Cruise the Nile River

Cruising the Nile River is a quintessential Egyptian experience, offering a blend of relaxation and discovery. The Nile, the lifeblood of Egypt, flows northward through the country, providing a scenic route to some of its most significant historical sites. A traditional felucca sailboat or a luxurious river cruise vessel will take you past lush riverbanks, ancient temples, and vibrant local communities. Stops often include the temples of Kom Ombo and Edfu, where you can explore the well-preserved sanctuaries dedicated to ancient gods. The serene journey provides ample opportunities to witness rural Egyptian life and enjoy breathtaking sunsets over the water.


3. Explore the Temples of Luxor and Karnak

The city of Luxor, often referred to as the world’s greatest open-air museum, is home to some of Egypt’s most impressive temples. The Luxor Temple, located on the east bank of the Nile, is an architectural marvel dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. A short distance away lies the sprawling Karnak Temple Complex, a vast assemblage of temples, chapels, pylons, and obelisks. The Hypostyle Hall, with its forest of massive columns, is particularly awe-inspiring. Visiting these temples allows you to delve deep into Egypt’s rich religious heritage and appreciate the grandeur of its ancient structures.


4. Discover the Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings, situated on the west bank of the Nile near Luxor, is a must-visit for history enthusiasts. This ancient burial ground is the final resting place of many New Kingdom pharaohs, including the famous Tutankhamun. The tombs, carved into the limestone hills, are adorned with intricate paintings and hieroglyphics that offer insights into ancient Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife. A visit to the Valley of the Kings provides a fascinating glimpse into the rituals and artistry of one of history’s greatest civilizations. Don’t forget to explore the nearby Valley of the Queens, where the tomb of Queen Nefertari stands out for its stunning wall art.

5. Wander Through the Egyptian Museum

Located in Cairo, the Egyptian Museum houses the world’s most extensive collection of Pharaonic antiquities. With over 120,000 items on display, the museum offers a comprehensive overview of ancient Egypt’s history and culture. Highlights include the treasures of Tutankhamun, such as his golden death mask, and an impressive array of statues, jewelry, and mummies. The museum’s vast and varied exhibits provide an unparalleled opportunity to connect with Egypt’s storied past. As you wander through its halls, you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the artistry and innovation of this ancient civilization.

6. Experience the Bustling Markets of Cairo

To truly immerse yourself in Egyptian culture, a visit to Cairo’s bustling markets, or souks, is essential. The most famous of these is the Khan el-Khalili bazaar, a labyrinthine marketplace that has been a hub of trade since the 14th century. Here, you can shop for a wide range of goods, including spices, textiles, jewelry, and traditional crafts. Haggling is part of the experience, so be prepared to negotiate prices with the friendly vendors. Exploring the souks allows you to experience the vibrant energy of Cairo and discover unique souvenirs to take home. Don’t miss the opportunity to enjoy a cup of traditional Egyptian tea at one of the historic coffeehouses in the area.

7. Dive into the Red Sea

Egypt’s Red Sea coast is a paradise for divers and snorkelers, boasting crystal-clear waters and an abundance of marine life. Popular destinations such as Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, and Dahab offer access to some of the world’s most spectacular coral reefs. The Red Sea’s underwater world is teeming with colorful fish, exotic coral formations, and intriguing shipwrecks. Whether you’re an experienced diver or a beginner, there are numerous dive centers and courses available to help you explore this underwater wonderland. For those who prefer to stay above water, many resorts offer boat trips and other water sports activities.

8. Visit the Temples of Abu Simbel

The temples of Abu Simbel, located in southern Egypt near the border with Sudan, are among the most impressive monuments of ancient Egypt. Built by Ramses II in the 13th century BCE, these colossal rock temples were carved directly into the mountainside. The Great Temple, dedicated to Ramses II himself, features four enormous statues of the pharaoh seated on his throne. The smaller Temple of Hathor, dedicated to Queen Nefertari, is equally captivating with its detailed carvings and statues. The relocation of the temples in the 1960s, to prevent them from being submerged by the waters of Lake Nasser, is a remarkable feat of modern engineering.

9. Explore the Siwa Oasis

For a taste of Egypt’s natural beauty and tranquil landscapes, head to the Siwa Oasis, located in the Western Desert. This remote and picturesque oasis is known for its lush date palm groves, natural springs, and salt lakes. Siwa’s unique culture, influenced by its Berber inhabitants, adds to its charm. Highlights include the ancient Shali Fortress, the Oracle Temple of Amun, and the therapeutic Cleopatra’s Bath, a natural spring where you can take a refreshing dip. Exploring Siwa offers a peaceful retreat from the hustle and bustle of Egypt’s more popular tourist destinations and a chance to experience a different side of the country.

10. Enjoy a Hot Air Balloon Ride over Luxor

One of the most breathtaking ways to experience Egypt is from the sky. A hot air balloon ride over Luxor provides a unique perspective of the city’s ancient landmarks and the surrounding landscape. As you drift gently above the Valley of the Kings, the Temple of Hatshepsut, and the Nile River, you’ll be treated to panoramic views that are simply unforgettable. The early morning flights, timed to coincide with sunrise, offer the best lighting for photography and a magical start to your day. This serene and awe-inspiring adventure is a highlight for many visitors to Egypt.


Egypt is a destination that captivates the imagination and offers a wealth of experiences for travelers. From its iconic pyramids and ancient temples to its vibrant markets and stunning natural landscapes, Egypt has something to offer everyone. Each of the activities listed above provides a unique opportunity to connect with the country’s rich history and culture. Whether you’re an adventurer, a history buff, or simply looking to relax and unwind, Egypt promises an unforgettable journey that will leave you with lasting memories. So pack your bags and prepare to explore the wonders of this timeless land.



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